Non-destructive evaluation of complex interactions between Heterodera schachtii and Rhizoctonia solani on sugar beet as affected by cultivar resistance
Rhizoctonia solani, Heterodera schachtii, diagnosis, interaction, remote sensing
The plant pathogen Rhizoctonia solani is a well known cause of "damping-off" and "crown and root rot" in sugar beet. This study is designed to implement the early detection of R. solani and as well to investigate interactions with the beet cyst nematode Heterodera schachtii. The aim is to detect and to quantify soil pathogens by non-destructive measurements. For this reason canopy reflectance measuring hyperspectral sensors were used. Specific vegetation indices were calculated from hyperspectral reflectance and symptoms caused by the organisms could be discriminated. Also with aerial hyperspectral sensors a classification of symptoms in field trials was possible.
Additionally to this, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance imaging was used for non-destructive investigation of interactions between H. schachtii and R. solani.
Futhermore, greenhouse experiments were done to investigate interactions of R.solani and the stem and bulb nematode Ditylenchus dipsaci.
Hillnhütter, C. & Mahlein, A.-K. (2008). Neue Ansätze zur frühzeitigen Erkennung und Lokalisierung von Zuckerrübenkrankheiten. Gesunde Pflanzen 60: 143-149
Akello, J., Dubois, T., Coyne, D., Hillnhütter, C. (2009). Beauveria bassiana as an artificial endophyte in tissue culture banana plants: a novel way to combat the banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus. Proc. IS on Banana Crop Prot., Sust. Prod. & Impr. Livelihoods Eds.: D. Jones and I. Van den Bergh Acta Hort. 828, ISHS 2009
Hillnhuetter, C., Sikora, R.A., Oerke, E.-C. (2009). Detection of complex soil-borne disease interactions by hyperspectral foliar surface monitoring in sugar beet. Phytopathology 99: 53
Hillnhütter, C., Mahlein, A.-K., Sikora, R.A., Oerke, E.-C. (2010). Hyperspectral imaging of sugar beet symptoms caused by soil-borne organisms. Proceeding of the International Conference on Precision Agriculture 2010, Denver, Colorado, USA, 15p. Access by Internet on 3 of August 2010: http://www.icpaonline.org/finalpdf/abstract_148.pdf
Hillnhütter, C., Sikora, R.A., Oerke, E.-C. (2010). Influence of different levels of resistance or tolerance in sugar beet cultivars on complex interactions between Heterodera schachtii and Rhizoctonia solani. Nematology: DOI:10.1163/138855410X519398
Hillnhütter, C., Schweizer, A., Kühnhold, V., Sikora, R.A. (2010). Remote sensing for the detection of soil-borne plant parasitic nematodes and fungal pathogens. In: Precision crop protection – the challenge and use of heterogeneity. Eds.: Oerke, E.-C., Gerhards, R., Menz, G., Sikora, R.A. Springer Netherlands.
Dr. agr. Daub, Matthias. Julius Kühn-Institut. Institut für Nematologie und Wirbeltierkunde. Außenstelle Elsdorf (Internetlink: http://www.jki.bund.de/nn_804620/DE/Ueberuns/STO/elsdorf__node.html )
Dr. van Dusschoten, Dagmar. Forschungszentrum Jülich, ICG 3 Plant Enabling Technologies (link: http://www.fz-juelich.de/icg/icg-3/Dusschoten )
Participation at the second Hyper-I-Net summerschool 15.09-19.09.2008, Wageningen, Netherlands
Poster presentation at the 56. Deutsche Pflanzenschutztagung 22.09-25.09.2008, University Kiel, Germany
'Berührungsloser Nachweis von bodenbürtigen Krankheiten der Zuckerrübe durch Rhizoctonia solani und Heterodera schachtii'
Oral presentation at the DPG Arbeitskreistagung Nematologie & Mykologie 11.03.09-12.03.09 & 26.03-27.03.2009, Düren & Kaiserslautern, Germany
'Wechselbeziehungen zwischen Heterodera schachtii und Rhizoctonia solani an der Zuckerrübe: Berührungsloser Nachweis und Sortenvergleich'
Poster presentation at the 33. International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment 04.05-08.05.2009, Stresa, Italy
'Changes in Spectral Reflectance of Sugar Beet Leaves due to Simultaneous Infection of Heterodera schachtii and Rhizoctonia solani'
Poster presentation at the 7th European Conference on Precision Agriculture, July 6-8, 2009, Wageningen University, Netherlands
'Detection of a soil-borne disease complex due to simultaneous infection of Heterodera schachtii and Rhizoctonia solani in sugar beet'
Oral presentation at the Society of Nematologists 48th Annual Meeting,
July 12-15, 2009, Burlington, Vermont, USA
'Interrrelationship between Heterodera schachtii and Rhizoctonia solani on sugar-beet: Disease discrimination by Hyperspectral data analysis'
Visitation of universities and research facilities across the USA: Blackville & Clemson, South Carolina (Clemson University); Charleston, South Carolina (USDA Vegetable research); Tifton, Georgia (USDA Nematology, University of Georgia); Baton Rouge, Louisiana (Louisiana State University). July 16th to August 3rd 2009.
Poster presentation at the 2009 American Phytopatological Society Annual Meeting,
August 1-5, 2009, Portland, Oregon, USA
'Detection of complex soil-borne disease interactions by hyperspectral foliar surface monitoring in sugar beet'
Poster presentation at Tropentag 2009, October 6-8, 2009, Hamburg, Germany
'Improving methods for inoculation of endophytic Fusarium oxysporum to tissue culture banana plants in Uganda'
Oral presentation at the DPG Arbeitskreistagung Nematology, March 16.-17. 2010, Freiburg, Germany
'Wechselbeziehungen zwischen Ditylenchus dipsaci und Rhizoctonia solani an der Zuckerrübe'
Poster presentation at 62nd Internationa Symposium on Crop Protection, May 18., Ghent, Belgium
'Visualize soil-borne plant pathogenic organisms by means of leaf reflectance'
Oral presentation at the Society of Nematologists 49th Annual Meeting,
July 10-14, 2010, Boise, Idaho, USA
'Use of remote sensing to detect beet cyst nematode and Rhizoctonia crown and root rot induced plant stress in sugar beet fields'
Oral Presentation at the 10th International Conference on Precision Agriculture, July 18.-21. 2010, Denver, Colorado, USA
'Hyperspectral imaging of sugar beet symptoms caused by soil-borne organisms'
Oral presentation at the 57th German Pflanzenschutztagung, September 6.-9. 2010, Berlin, Germany
'Airborne remote detection of symptoms caused by Heterodera schachtii and Rhizoctonia solani alone or in combination in sugar beet fields'
Poster presentation at the 3rd Conference on Precision Crop Protection, September 19.-21. 2010, Bonn, Germany
'Multitemporal and Multisensoral investigations of canopy symptoms in sugar beet fields caused by Heterodera schachtii and Rhizoctonia solani'
Oral Presentation at the 30th International European Society of Nematologists Symposium, September 19.-23. 2010, Vienna, Austria
'Use of hyperspectral imaging to discriminate symptoms caused by Heterodera schachtii and Rhizoctonia solani on sugar beet'